Chile, Japan, California or Nepal are some of the “hot” areas in terms of earthworks. However not all sites an earthquake similar equal intensity and depth causes these deaths and injuries. The secret lies in how to raise the buildings do not collapse against possible earthquakes. Home earthquake kit what features should have the buildings to be the toughest possible? These are the most important according to experts:
Height. Obviously the height of the building is one of the essential factors in resistance to earthquakes. In fact, in some cities the regulations limiting the height of buildings, but today it is more tends to value its height depending on the quality of architectural design.
Symmetry. A building is symmetrical about two axes ground if its geometry is identical on either side of the axes. A building not symmetrical increases the possibility that a torque is produced at its plant, making it more vulnerable to an earthquake.
Mass distribution. Experts recommend uniform distribution of the masses that make up the building in both plan and elevation, changing depending on different areas and heights based on rigidity.
Rigid structures on the ground. Although it may seem patently obvious statement, it is clear that the greatest amount of structural walls at the base, also improves stability and resistance to an earthquake.
Distribution of doors and windows. The symmetrical distribution of opening elements homes are essential to increase the strength of the building to collapse and sized according to the rest of the structure and should not exceed more than half of the wall.
Quality of materials. Another essential factors when measuring resistance to the collapse of buildings is the quality of materials. Good quality construction improves energy absorption capacity in the earthquake. Experts agree on the importance of reinforced concrete and steel so that the building can balance without falling.
Foundation. The foundations are key to the flexibility and stamina of buildings. Each floor has a specific foundation both in depth, shape and size, so a study prior to the construction of the building ground is essential. Correct action in this regard can reduce the strains and stresses that suffer the building during the earthquake.